Home > Conditions > Craniopharyngioma
Craniopharyngioma is a benign (non-cancerous) brain tumor that most commonly occurs near the pituitary gland and optic nerves.
Craniopharygiomas are rare and occur most often in childhood and in adults, ages 40-60 years. Because they are located close to the pituitary gland, hormonal and endocrine symptoms are common with craniopharygiomas.
- Visual loss
- Peripheral vision loss (bitemporal hemianopsia)
- Disruptions in the endocrine system, such as hypothyroidism, slow growth, changing body weight, irregular menstrual cycles or delayed puberty
If left untreated, the tumor can enlarge and cause blindness in one or both eyes. CT and MRI scans of the brain are needed for craniopharyngioma diagnosis.